Web Hosting Glossary

This article is a glossary of web hosting terms:

ASP.NET – ASP stands for Active Server Pages. It is a web programming language which normally runs on Windows servers. .NET refers to the Microsoft .NET software framework which allows codes to be shared by serveral .NET programming languages and runs on the CLR (Common Language Runtime) virtual machine.

ASSP - ASSP stands for Anti-Spam-SMTP-Proxy. It is an open source software and is one of the best anti-spam software available. It uses a number of advanced algorithms to determine emails are spam or not.

Autoresponder - Autoresponder is a feature associated with emails in a web hosting account. It allows the email user to set up an auto-reply message when an email is received. It is commonly used to send “out-of-office” message.

Bandwidth - Bandwidth refers to the amount of data transferred in and out of a web hosting account. It is effectively the amount of data upload and download.

Blog - A blog is a web application which allows a user to post articles on its website. A user can usually classify its articles in categories. Microblogging refers to writing short posts on a website. Popular microblogging websites include Twitter, Sina Weibo, QQ in China.

Cloud Computing – Cloud computing is to have software and data on the internet. Users can then access these resources via the internet as a service. The user does not need to know where such resources are physically located. Cloud computing also offers redundancy to ensure the resources are always available even when there is physical failure at certain location.

Control Panel – A user can manage its web hosting account via a web-based control panel. The main functions are for the user to manage its emails, FTP accounts, files and databases. cPanel is one of the most popular web hosting control panel in the world.

CSS – CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It is the language used to code the display style of HTML webpages. CSS3 is now under active development and brings new styling features for websites.

Data Centre – A data centre is a facility which stores many servers and connects them to the internet. A data centre is normally equipped with air conditioning, backup power, fire control, site security and network monitoring system.

Dedicated Server – A dedicated server refers to the use of an entire physical server. Web hosting companies offer dedicated server rental service in general.

DNS – DNS stands for Domain Name System. The main function of DNS is to map a domain name with the actual IP address of the server hosting the domain.

DNS Hosting – DNS Hosting is a service which allows a user to map a domain to a certain IP address. The IP address is usually the address of the user’s web server.

Domain – A domain is a textual name of a certain website or service on the internet e.g. camhosting.com.hk is a domain.

Email – Email is an electronic message sent via the internet.

Email Alias – Email alias refers to other names of an email account. Emails sent to email alias are forwarded to the given email account.

Email Forwarding – Email forwarding is the action of sending an email from one email account to another specified email account.

Firewall – A firewall is a software which filters certain network traffic with the aim of protecting a computer network.

Flash – Flash is a software created by Adobe to provide multimedia and animation features in a website. Flash Player is required to play Flash objects. While Flash is popular on desktop devices, its support is limited on handheld devices such as smartphones.

FTP – FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. It is normally perceived as the software which allows easy files upload and download. FileZilla is a popular open source FTP software.

HTML – HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. HTML is the language used for writing webpages. A web browser reads HTML and turns it into a webpage for the user.

IMAP – IMAP stands for Internet Message Access Protocol. It allows a user to receive emails on a device while keeping the emails on the server.

IP Address – IP stands for Internet Protocol. IP Address is a number which is used to identify a certain server or device.

JavaScript – JavaScript is a web programming language which runs on a user’s browser. It gives more functionalities on a webpage.

Jquery – Jquery is a JavaScript library which allows complex JavaScript code to be written easily and provides extra functionalities on a webpage.

JSP – JSP stands for JavaServer Pages. It is a web programming language for writing web applications and runs on a web server.

Linux – Linux is an open source operating system which is similar to UNIX. It is known for its power and stability and is used to run millions of servers in the world.

MySQL – MySQL is an open source relational data management system. It is the most popular open source database software in the world and is used by many web applications.

Operating System – An operating system is a software which controls the hardware of computers. Software developers can then write code to run on the operating system without having to worry about underlying hardware.

Parked Domain – A parked domain is a domain which is added to a main domain. A user who types the parked domain in a browser can be redirected to the website of the main domain.

Perl – Perl is a programming language which can be used to write web applications. It is becoming less popular as a web programming language as PHP takes over as the leader in web programming.

PHP – PHP stands for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor. It is a web programming language for writing web applications and runs on a web server. It is well known for its power and simplicity. Many popular web applications e.g. WordPress, Joomla, phpBB, Discuz! are all written in PHP.

POP3 – POP stands for Post Office Protocol. It is used to receive emails by a email client software e.g. Outlook, Thunderbird, Mail. Emails downloaded are not kept on the server anymore.

PostgreSQL – PostgreSQL is an open source relational database management system. Its popularity is not as high as MySQL.

RAID – RAID stands for Redundant Array of Independent Disks. It is a method to keep data safe by storing the data across more than one hard disks.

Ruby on Rails – Ruby on Rails is a web programming language for writing web applications and runs on a web server.

SMTP – SMTP stands for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. It is used for sending out emails.

SSL Certificate – SSL Certificate is used to encrypt data transferred between a device and the server. Some SSL certificates such as Extended Validation (EV) SSL certificates allow the website operator to be identified in the browser too.

Subdomain – Subdomain is a domain which is a part of its main domain. In a web hosting account, a user can set up subdomains for different parts of its website.

Virtual Private Server (VPS) – VPS is a technique to use software to divide a physical server into a number of virtual servers. It allows a server’s hardware resources to be shared among the virtual servers.

Web Design – Web design is a service to build a website for a client. It involves designing a website to the actual coding and implementation of the website.

Web Hosting – Web hosting is a service which allows a website to be accessed on the internet. A web hosting account normally provides emails, FTP, databases and other website related services.

Web Programming Language – A web programming language is a computing language used to write web application software.

Web Server – A web server is a machine which allows websites to be accessed on the internet.

Webmail – Webmail is a web-based service which allows users to access emails via the internet using a web browser.

Website Builder – Website Builder is a web-based service which allows users to build a website via the internet using a web browser. Each user is given a login to an interface to perform such work.

Windows – Windows is an operating system developed by Microsoft. Windows Server is the product for running web servers. It is normally needed for running websites written in ASP.NET.

WordPress – WordPress is an open source web application for creating blogs. It can also be used as a content management system to build websites.

Zend Optimizer – Zend Optimizer is a software platform which runs PHP programme encoded by Zend.

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